Urban Citizenship: Citizens' Rights and Duties in Tehran
Malihe shiani, hanan zare P.H.D in sociology, Social Planning Department, Social Sciences Faculty, University of Tehran, Email: email@example.com
 M.A of Social Welfare Planning, Social Sciences Faculty, University of Tehran, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
No doubt citizenship is a key indicator for modern societies, and more importantly, citizenship has a wide range of civil, political and social rights and duties that can emerge in the city. Citizenship formulation in Iran can be seen at two levels: "Citizen National " and " Urban Citizen". In fact, the urban citizen's bias towards the desirability of enjoying various urban services, equality in public opportunities, and the utilization of urban amenities and prosperity, accompanied by a set of responsibilities, people's propensity to engage in commitments and engage in city affairs."Urban Citizen" is based on two main dimensions of "Citizenship Rights" and "Citizenship Duties", which is considered in this study among the citizens of Tehran. The method of this survey was questionnaire technique. For this purpose, 2400 people aged 15 years and over in different parts of Tehran were selected using multi-stage sampling method. The results show that 35% of the population in Tehran have a low level of citizenship, and in contrast to 19% it has been high. Also, women in Tehran are more likely than citizens to observe citizenship, single, less than married, individuals Without a spouse, as well as people aged 15 to 24, compared with other age groups, they are less likely to observe citizenship duties. As many years have lived in Tehran, they feel more committed and more committed to citizenship. Therefore, it is understandable that in the urban area, the rights and duties of assignments can not be distributed equally among social groups, and this should be taken into account in urban policy and planning..
Key Words: Urban citizenship, rights, duties, citizen, Tehran
 P.H.D in sociology, Social Planning Department, Social Sciences Faculty, University of Tehran, Email: email@example.com