عنوان مقاله [English]
Children are one of the target groups of the social policy system in Iran, whose welfare status is still in dispute. Examining the historical trend of child-centered social policies in Iran can play a role in recognizing the problems in this area and, consequently, reducing them. This study examines the legislative and institutional transformations related to children since the formation of the parliament in Iran. The research method is documentary. In this regard, the approved laws and programs and general approaches of all three historical periods to childhood were examined. The results show that although the first Pahlavi era passed laws to protect children, the government tried to respond mainly to the needs of children in the form of charities and endowments. During the second Pahlavi era, efforts in this field gradually took an organized and cohesive form. During the Islamic Republic of Iran, children and childhood received more and more comprehensive attention from the Constitution to other laws. However, tensions between traditional or religious approaches and modern approaches determine the nature of most policies that in many cases has led to children being deprived of much support.