عنوان مقاله [English]
Until the early 1960s, welfare was viewed as an economic category in terms of objective and quantitative indicators such as income and consumption. Attempts to build social indicators began by emphasizing the inadequacy of economic indicators to explain social status. Since 1990, the study of subjective well-being and its adaptation to objective well-being has been included in developmental research. This is undoubtedly the case in Iran as well, and planning for the promotion of social welfare demands aristocracy over the two categories of objective and subjective well-being, and whether or not they are compatible. But the social welfare index varies widely across provinces in Iran. Two provinces of Semnan and Kurdistan were selected for investigation. Kurdistan province has always been one of the three least developed provinces of Iran and Semnan province has been among the first two provinces, especially during the past years. Also, due to cultural, ethnic, religious and geographical differences of Kurdistan province with other
selected for study. The research method is survey and the statistical population includes all people aged 18-60 years living in two provinces in 2018. The total sample size for the two provinces was 1200. A questionnaire was also used for data collection. The results show that there is a significant relationship between ethnicity and religiosity in Semnan province with objective and subjective well-being and there is no significant relationship between education and feeling of freedom with this adjustment. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the variables of education, ethnicity, religiosity, feeling of freedom and the dependent variable. The highest correlation is related to the ethnic status variable. According to the regression model in Semnan province religiosity had the highest effect on subjective and subjective well-being adjustment and the variables entered in the model were able to explain 16% of the dependent variable changes. For Kurdistan province, the feeling of freedom had the greatest effect on the dependent variable, and the model variables accounted for 24% of the dependent variable change.
Keywords: Social Welfare, Mental Welfare, Ethnic Status, Religion, Sense of Freedom