عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Development, underdevelopment and backwardness are used together or in place of each other among many development experts in Iran. This conceptual and semantic overlap causes major misunderstanding about current development trends in Iran. In this article we try to introduce the background of the idea that instead of understanding development as a process and operation, backwardness and underdevelopment has been emphasized and we also refer to its aspects as the paradigm of backwardness.Regarding this we take the question of "What shouldn’t we do?" instead of emphasizing "What should we do?" Because the second question leads us towards a new idealism that comes with increased expectations and desires rather than understanding the realities and empowering to take better advantage of the conditions. In this sense, conceptually and theoretically, the native development and development experience will be focused and people's participation and people-oriented development will be emphasized rather than centralized government programs.