عنوان مقاله [English]
An analysis of 88 researches in the field of manners and life skills was done. Seventy-two of the researches were conducted by MA students, thirteen of them were research projects, and three of them were doctoral dissertations. All of the researches were conducted at the research and education centers of Tehran, Isfahan, and East Azerbaijan Provinces prior to 1387. Two evaluators made a checklist including the research indexes, research specifications, and the results and recommendations. The results were analyzed by a reliability coefficient, and that was determined as 97% between the evaluators. Some of the results of the meta-analysis are as follows:
Most of the researches analyzed in this study were conducted on teenagers and high school students, and only a few of them focused on university or middle school students. About 88% of the researches were conducted between the years 1380 and 1387, and there was no case of research before 1374.
Most of the researchers had used T-test to analyze the data of their researches. About 86 researches used questionnaires.
Out of 88 researches, 72 were conducted by MA students, 13 were research projects, and 3 of them were doctoral dissertations.
Topics such as forgiving, business management, and home care were less frequent.
Some deficiencies were identified in the methodology and content of the researches, including: excessive tendency towards quantitative research; excessive use of questionnaires and inattention to interview and observation; absence of precise, comparative researches; overemphasis on the western styles and skills and lack of attention to the skills commensurate with Iranian-Islamic culture; co-presence of hypothesis and question in most of the researches; inaccuracy in sampling methods and the use of small populations; excessive attention to high schools students and lack of attention to middle school students and adults; and the study of skills in isolation and inattention to them as