عنوان مقاله [English]
This study aims to study Effective factors for life quality of Elderly in Khomein. Life quality has two dimensions; objective and subjective. The subjective dimension includes good feeling and satisfaction while objective dimension includes meeting cultural and social needs for material, physical and social welfare. The feeling dependency of elderly on his/her family and the rate of their respect in family indicate the subjective dimension of life quality. It seems that the subjective aspect dominates objective aspect of life quality because subjective one is based on individual believes about life quality. The important point is the personal experience and feeling of the individual rather than events; not merely presence of external events.
The scientific research method and correlation analysis is based on field survey and the technique for collecting the data is structural interviews using surveys and questionnaires. The questionnaires used in this study are WHOQOL – BREF living Quality survey as well as a survey prepared by the author.
Statistical population of this study is elderly people upper than 60 years old in khomein town, out of whom 190 people were selected through accidental systematic sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. The summary of study results include:
The hypotheses for dependency of elderly to his/her family also the rate of elderly respect in his/her family with living quality were verified. The relations among age, gender, martial situation, literacy, house property and level of relation with family members with living quality were confirmed. Indeed, more social protections of elderly are particularly in the family, living quality is more too. On the other hand better social – economic level of the elderly, the more improved living quality he/she will possess which comprises both objective and subjective dimensions.