عنوان مقاله [English]
This article explores experienced theoretical rotation of the concept of poverty towards the construct of social exclusion structure, by usage of historical and documentary methods. Replacing social exclusion instead of poverty is based on the argument that the concept of social exclusion is a dynamic concept which both refers to processes and also the position of it and make a multidimensional range with economic, social, political and cultural aspects also is considered suitable for studying structural changes. In other words, this concept more appropriately shows multidimensional characteristic of mechanisms in which people and group put aside from social exchanges, activities and the creative rights of solidarity and social identity. It generally considers something beyond the social inequalities through emphasizing on the hazards of existing gap in social context. Also exclusion as multi-dimensional and multi-level concept can encompass the social dichotomy and includes some mechanisms by which the individuals and groups have been kept apart from social change, rights and productive activity that led to social cohesion and identity. This mechanism actively or passively can lead to social exclusion. Today social exclusion is related to various values and opinions and also diverse paradigms such as correlation paradigm, paradigm of specialization and monopoly paradigm has been used to explain it. Regarding these paradigms, social exclusion is a complex and multifaceted concept and relates to both individuals and communities and focuses on emerging social issues such as globalization, its economic and social outcomes and processes resulting in exclusion and isolation of individuals, social groups or regions.