عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Today, in addition to educational and research tasks, universitieshave been increasingly involved in the process of innovation and technology development. This requireschanges in educational, managerial, and researchstructures, systems, and mechanisms. One of the factors facilitating this process is the implementation of strategic programming in universities. The successful and inclusive process ofstrategic planning provides a framework for achieving the competitive advantage, by preparing an effective combination of features such asfuture prediction, thorough analysis of predicted trends andgiving scenarios of possible alternative futures, internal and external analysis of universities,and creating an adaptive structure and systems. Strategic programming enables universities to respond to emerging movements, events, challenges and opportunities within the framework of their programs and function, and if implemented successfully, it influences all functional areas in universities, becoming a part of universities' philosophy and culture. Alongside with focusing on the needs of education and research environments, this paper studies strategic programmingthrough a comparative study and analysis,trying to clarify related issues and provide a framework for strategic programming in universities. Creating a strategic environment and insight in universities, applying strategic programs, emphasizing on strategic programs particular to education, research and human resources, and changing structures and systems are the related findings reflected in this paper.