عنوان مقاله [English]
The need to security is among the primary needs that man experiences in his life. Some scholars consider it as one of the underlying factors in formation of human societies. This need is of both objective and subjective dimensions. The objective dimension lies in the real conditions of society, and the subjective one is, in fact, the interpretation of the objective conditions that people make in their minds. The present research aims to study the subjective dimension of social security, i.e. social security feeling among Afghan migrants residing in Tehran, as well as its relationship with their social capital.
This was an explanatory study and the statistical population included all Afghan migrants residing in the city of Tehran (i.e. around 67,000 people). Based on Cochran's sample size formula and using cluster as well as snowballing sampling methods, 399 subjects were selected. A researcher-made questionnaire, validity and reliability of which was confirmed, was used to measure the social security feeling and social capital. The results showed that the respondents had an average-level of social security feeling and social capital. Moreover, there was a significant positive relationship between the extent of Afghan migrants’ social security feeling and their status of social capital. The results also indicated that social trust and norms of cooperation, as two aspects of social capital, had a significant relationship with social security feeling, confirmingtheories of Putnam and Cox.